What is castration of sex offenders

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  1. Chemical castration - Wikipedia
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Small studies have found that recidivism decreased when offenders received antidepressant medications, not anti-testosterone medications.

Chemical castration - Wikipedia

These findings largely leave the question of whether the technique should be used to the realms of ethics and legality, not medicine. Some legal scholars believe mandatory chemical castration violates the Eighth Amendment, which bans cruel and unusual punishment. This change came after researchers began documenting in mainstream journals the wide variations in human sexuality. Today, the psychiatric establishment still uses a diagnosis of hypersexual disorder , but the concept has shifted from a more rigid imposition of norms to an idea about how a person relates to sex. There is no cutoff for what is too much sexuality.

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Some people have sex multiple times a day; others rarely have sex. Hypersexual disorder is currently defined only insofar as it causes distress: When you lose your job because you need to keep having sex, or when your relationship falls apart because you lose all interest in sex, you may have reason to seek care. If there is a role for the medical community in preventing assault, it is to help equip willing patients relate to people in healthy ways—to treat whatever psychological element precludes healthful, pro-social behavior.

If such people find themselves in court, they could be offered the same option. In every case, though, the suggestion is that this would be consensual, voluntary care. If you teach at a university we ask that your department make a donation. Commercial media must contact us for permission and fees.

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Friday, November 08, Spaying is observed to cause female animals to stop mating in the same species as castration causes male animals to stop mating. However, in animal species where females continue their mating behaviour after being spayed, the males also continue to mate after being castrated. So there are scientists who argue that it makes no biological sense to assume that any treatment that emulates castration would remove sex drive in men but not in women.

These scientists argue that these observations, along with the fact that humans are animals and subject to evolution , show that it is flawed to think that male sexuality would be treatable by medication if female sexuality is not.

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Some criminologists argue that the appearance of a lower recidivism rate in male sex offenders who take chemical castration treatment than in those who do not can be explained by factors other than biological effects of the medication. One hypothesis is that men who accept the negative effects of hormonal treatment in exchange for shorter prison sentence are distinct in that they value freedom from incarceration higher than men who rather stay in prison for a longer time than face the side effects of chemical castration.

These criminologists explain apparently lower recidivism as an artifact of men who accept chemical castration being more engaged in hiding the evidence for reoffending, and that paroling such offenders constitute a risk of releasing criminals who commit as many new crimes as others but are better at hiding it. These criminologists also argue that police investigators treating castrated men as less likely to reoffend than non-castrated men may cause an investigation bias and self-fulfilling prophecy , and that men who sell some of their prescribed medicines on the black market for drugs get a hidden income that improve their ability to afford measures to hide recidivism that is not available to men without such prescriptions.

Some neurologists acknowledge that testosterone plays a role in sexual arousal but that reducing sex drive will likely not reduce inappropriate sex behaviour. These researchers argue that since a weaker internal signal in the brain means a higher requirement for external stimulation to create a feedback loop that tires the brain circuits out as in orgasm and lead to satisfaction, a reduction of the internal stimulation from hormones would make the required external stimulation stronger and also more specific, as weaker signals involve narrower ranges of other brain functions in their loops.

These scientists therefore argue that the biological as opposed to sociological effect of reduced testosterone is to make it more difficult and not easier to use masturbation without pornography or other socially acceptable substitutes to manage remaining sex drive in a former offender, and that many community persons both male and female find that a lower initial arousal makes it more difficult to orgasm by masturbation without pornography or with non-preferred stimulation.

In March , Guillermo Fontana of CNN reported that officials in Mendoza , a province in Argentina , approved the use of voluntary chemical castration for rapists, in return for reduced sentences. In , a repeat child sex offender who had been subject to chemical castration was accused of inappropriately touching and kissing a young girl. He was found not guilty by a jury, which was not informed of the context of his previous offenses. The drug cyproterone acetate has been commonly used for chemical castration throughout Europe. It resembles the drug MPA used in America.

In the United Kingdom , computer scientist Alan Turing , famous for his contributions to mathematics and computer science, pleaded guilty in to a charge of gross indecency for having a homosexual relationship and accepted chemical castration as a term of his probation, thus avoiding imprisonment.

Chemical castration on certain sex offenders signed into law in Alabama

In the s, German physicians used antiandrogens as a treatment for sexual paraphilia. The program developers note the voluntary nature of the program a crucial factor in its success. They initially planned to cover ten inmates per prison, contemplating a possible enlargement to other prisons in the future. The program also included a rehabilitation component. On September 25, , Poland legislated forcible chemical castration of child molesters. On April 30, , a man in the United Kingdom found guilty of attempting to murder a year-old woman in order to abduct and rape her two granddaughters agreed to undergo chemical castration as part of the terms of his sentence.

On March 6, , Moldova legislated forcible chemical castration of child molesters; the law came into effect on July 1, On June 5, , Estonia passed a law that allows voluntary chemical castration as a part of complex treatment for less serious sex offenders as an alternative of imprisonment. However, the treatment is rarely used in practice.

In October and November , North Macedonia authorities were working on developing a legal framework and standard procedure for implementation of chemical castration that would be used for convicted child molesters.

The castration is intended to be voluntarily, where as for the child molesters that repeat the criminal act it should be mandatory. After the outrage following the gang rape of a woman in Delhi , the Government has submitted a draft proposing chemical castration along with an imprisonment of up to 30 years for rape convicts as part of the anti-rape law in India.

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The ministry is preparing a detailed bill and the recommended changes are under review. One of the accused in the rape case is a juvenile and aged a few months less than 18 years. A view has been expressed by a section that only those below 15 years should be described as juvenile. In , the Indonesian President Joko Widodo introduced a presidential regulation to allow chemical castration to be handed down as a punishment to child sex offenders and pedophiles.

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The regulation alters the contents of the Law on Child Protection. In May , two brothers from Haifa —convicted child molesters—agreed to undergo chemical castration to avoid committing further crimes. In New Zealand, the antilibidinal drug cyproterone acetate is sold under the name Androcur.

In November convicted paedophile Robert Jason Dittmer attacked a victim while on the drug. In a study into the effectiveness of the drug by Dr David Wales for the Corrections Department found that no research had been conducted in New Zealand into the effectiveness and such trials were "ethically and practically very difficult to carry out. In October , the Russian parliament approved a law that allows a court-requested forensic psychiatrist to prescribe the chemical castration of convicted sex offenders who have harmed children under the age of